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25 Jun 2019

Terms of Reference: Final-Evaluation of FGM/C Project: Empowering communities to collectively abandon FGM/C in Somaliland’

Job Description

Terms of Reference: Final-Evaluation of FGM/C Project: Empowering communities to collectively abandon FGM/C in Somaliland’

  1. Background

Empowering communities to collectively abandon FGM/C in Somaliland’ eradicating and combating Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) community knowledge around the negative effects of practicing FGM/C.

is a four-year project aimed at in Somaliland by improving

The project is being implemented in 35 communities in Marodijeh and Togdheer regions of Somaliland comprising several different tribes of Somaliland. The targeted areas had never been exposed to any type of advocacy or campaign concerning FGM/C before this project.

According to the baseline survey report of the project carried out in 2015, the prevalence rate of FGM/C in the project area was very high at the beginning of the project, at 99%. However, the project midterm review report (MTR) shows 98% prevalence rate thus there has been a reduction in the rate of FGM/C as a result of the project interventions.

The project approaches that have been implemented during the project lifetime include a bottom up approach of building community knowledge through conducting community conversations where every member of the community participate (men, women, boys and girls). The project also works with young women and children in schools, religious leaders as well as advocacy engagement at national level where the key government line ministries such as the Ministry of Endowment and Islamic Affairs, Ministry of Employment and Family Affairs and Civil Society Organisations are all involved.

1.2 Project Structure

The project is being implemented through a partnership approach between ActionAid Somaliland (Executing Agency), SAWDO and WAAPO (Somaliland Implementing Partners). Comic Relief Funds for the project activities as well as technical assistance are managed by ActionAid UK.

The project staff include Project Manager and MEAL Officer from ActionAid Somaliland, Programme Quality Manager and MEL Manager from ActionAid UK and four project officers from the project implementing partners (two project officers per implementing partner).

1.3 Project Duration

The duration of the project period is four years starting in September 2015 and ending in September 2019. A midterm evaluation was conducted at the end of the first two years of the project during September 2017.

1.4 Specific outcomes of the project

The specific outcome of the project are:

  1. Target communities commit to abandon all forms of FGM/C
  2. Women and youth are empowered to reject FGM/C
  3. Religious leaders publicly denounce all types of FGM/C
  4. Policies and laws promoting zero tolerance against FGM/C progress through the legislative process
  5. Partners and Somaliland CSOs have greater capacity to drive forward nationally led anti-FGM movement


  1. Purpose

The purpose of the final evaluation is to assess the extent to which the project has achieved its stated outcomes and to provide actionable recommendations for future planning and interventions focusing on total abandonment of FGM/C. The evaluation will also serve as a useful learning exercise for the donor and other key stakeholders.

Specific objectives for the evaluation are to:

  1. Review to what extent the project has achieved its intended outcomes, provide data on specific indicators, and map and analyse progress (or lack of) against the project’s theory of change
  2. Identify and document effective strategies for bringing about change in abandoning FGM/C, particularly at the community level, and provide recommendation on effective strategies on tackling by FGM/C by different community members
  • To assess the progress at policy and national level in the abandonment of FGM/C
  1. Review to what extent the project has contributed to the improved coordination of CSOs in fighting against FGM/C
  2. Lessons learnt and recommendations for ActionAid and project partners to inform future programming


  1. Project details

Project MEL Plan and Learning Questions

ActionAid Somaliland identified four overarching learning questions at the start of the project, and the final evaluation is expected to provide an opportunity to reflect on these, consolidate existing available and relevant evidence, and where sufficient progress has been made seek to answer these questions. These questions, alongside the project theory of change, are expected to be reviewed with the ActionAid Somaliland team at the inception phase of the final evaluation. Specific attention is expected to be given to the first three out of the four impact questions below:

  • To what extent have girls, boys, women, men and community leaders been able to publicly discuss FGM/C, and has this translated into changes in attitudes and behavior?
  • What have been the enabling and disabling factors that have enabled community members to publicly challenge FGM/C and what have been the most effective strategies for mobilising change?
  • What are the most effective strategies to influence religious leaders to publicly denounce all forms of FGM/C and to what extent have any changes in religious leaders’ attitudes influenced wider public opinion?
  • How sustainable are civil society efforts to effectively influence public opinion and policies and laws that promote zero tolerance against FGM/C?

Project Indicators

The evaluation is required to produce data on the following indicators, for target communities, and disaggregated as specified.

Indicator Potential Data Collection Methods at
final evaluation
% of communities in which leaders state in public Quantitative survey
meetings that the community should abandon all
forms of FGM
(Def: community, traditional and religious leaders)
% of men and women who think that people in Quantitative survey of target
their community expect them to cut their communities
daughters  (Disaggregated  by  age,  sex,
rural/urban, education status)
% of men and women who say they intend to Quantitative survey of target
cut their daughters (Disaggregated by age, sex, communities
rural/urban, education status)
The extent to which community members Qualitative research, analysis of
openly discuss FGM/C in public monitoring data from community
conversations, plus feedback from
community facilitators
FGDs and KIIs
The extent to which community members Qualitative research, analysis of
approve of FGM/C monitoring data from community
conversations, plus feedback from
community facilitators
FGDs and KIIs
% of women and girls with knowledge of their Quantitative survey of target
rights to freedom from violence and SRHR communities triangulated through
(Disaggregated by age, sex, rural/urban and pre/post-test training questionnaires
education status) FGDs and KIIs
Level of confidence of women and girls to Qualitative research, analysis of
discuss FGM/C in public safely and without fear monitoring data from community
of backlash conversations, plus feedback from
community facilitators
FGDs and KIIs
Attitudes of boys and young men towards Qualitative research, analysis of
marrying girls/women who have undergone monitoring  data,  plus  feedback  from
FGM/C community facilitators
FGDs and KIIs
Level  of  understanding  amongst  religious Qualitative analysis of discussions with,
leaders that Sunna is a form of FGM/C and not and  public  statements  of,  religious
required by Islam leaders  and  their  interpretation  of
FGDs and KIIs
Perceptions of women and men in community Qualitative research, analysis of
as to the stance of religious leaders on FGM/C monitoring data from community
conversations, plus feedback from
community facilitators
FGDs and KIIs
% of Parliamentarians with correct knowledge Survey  of  a  random  sample;  key
of women’s rights under international and informant interviews, triangulated with
domestic law post-training questionnaires.
% of Parliamentarians who are supportive of Survey  of  a  random  sample;  key
efforts to enact legalisation eradicating FGM informant interviews, triangulated with
and ‘strongly agree’ it should be passed post-training questionnaires.
# of policies or laws that support eradication of Policy  analysis  and  key  informant
FGM that have passed through at least one interviews
stage further of the legislative process
Perceptions of women and men in community Qualitative research, analysis of
as to the legal status of FGM/C in Somaliland monitoring data from community
law conversations, plus feedback from
community facilitators
FGDs and KIIs
# of women and youth actively participating in FGD
(actively participating = attending at least 3 of
4 group meetings)
# of public engagements organized by youth Interviews, observation, FGD
forums to challenge FGM/C
Level of confidence of women and girls to FGD
discuss FGM/C in public safely and without fear
of backlash
Attitudes of boys and young men towards Interviews/FGD
marrying girls/women who have undergone
# of religious leaders involved in discussions on KIIs/FGD
# of senior religious leaders who publicly speak Surveys/KIIs and group discussions
out against all types of FGM/C
# of Parliamentarians with correct knowledge KIIs/ group discussions
of women’s rights under international and
domestic law
% of Parliamentarians who are supportive of KIIs/ group discussions
efforts to enact legalisation eradicating FGM
and ‘strongly agree’ it should be passed
# of policies or laws that support eradication of KIIs
FGM that have passed through at least one
stage further of the legislative process
Portrayal of women’s rights issues (including Group discussions/plenary discussion
FGM/C) in public debates by policy makers
Perceptions of women and men in community Community survey/FGD
as to the legal status of FGM/C in Somaliland
# of CSO attending 75% of all meetings and KIIs/FGD/Meeting minutes
actively   contributing   (routinely   sharing
updates/learning) to coordination meetings
# of anti-FGM/C activities delivered jointly by Group discussions
The extent to which anti-FGM/C information is Survey
integrated into awareness raising events and
other programme activities


  1. Methodology

ActionAid Somaliland and partners welcome Expressions of Interest that propose a participatory mixed – method approach suitable to achieve the final evaluation objectives. The evaluation should utilise participatory methods and collect both qualitative and quantitative data. It is expected that review research will mainly be qualitative but can use a mixed methods approach, combining qualitative and quantitative data. The consultant shall make best use of existing documents and shall conduct individual interview/ focus group discussions with the relevant stakeholders and community groups.

A comprehensive baseline study was carried out at the start of the project and is available online:

A  comprehensive  Mid-term  Review  was  carried  out  in  August  2018  and  is  available  online:

It is expected that the final evaluation will seek to analyse changes observed against the baseline.

The baseline was conducted in project and non-project communities and the MTR adopted the same approach. For the final evaluation, data collection will continue to cover both project and non-project communities. A detailed survey tool was developed during the baseline, translated and prepared for use with mobile phones using Kobo. A shortened version of this tool could be used again with a small sample at final evaluation to collect quantitative data clearly focused on project indicators, if resources allow.

The final evaluation will also seek to maximise the use of monitoring data that has already been collected, providing further analysis of this where necessary to address the objectives of the final evaluation, particularly in terms of reviewing progress against log frame indicators.

Actionaid expects all evaluations to be carried out in line with our Evaluation Standards. These Standards will be shared on request, but in practical terms require the evaluation and evaluator to consider:

Community voice and representation: it is essential that the evaluation reflects the voices of women and men involved in the project. People should be consulted as part of the evaluation, and their voices included in the evaluation report as direct quotes and case studies. In line with ActionAid’s mandate, the evaluation should prioritise people living in poverty and exclusion, especially women.

Feedback: as a minimum the evaluators should commit to feeding key findings and recommendations back to the communities engaged in the evaluation.

Transparency and ethical standards: the evaluators should explain clearly to communities engaged in the evaluation what the purpose of the exercise is, and how their information will be used. ActionAid’s ethical standards for research and data collection should be followed, including a risk

assessment covering security risks to communities. As a minimum the evaluation should ‘do no harm’. Women’s rights: Women’s rights must be respected in all evaluations. All evaluations should seek to explore how women have been affected by an intervention and the effect on gender relations. It is essential that women’s voices are heard clearly in the evaluation. The timing and location of evaluation activities and the composition of the evaluation team should be designed to maximise

women’s ability to participate in the evaluation.

Transparency about methodology: The evaluation should include a detailed and transparent discussion of the methodology used and key decisions taken in designing and implementing the evaluation. This should include information about the sampling (approach to sampling, numbers of

people/communities covered, how representative), what tools were used and why, methodological limitations and gaps.

Disaggregated data: data must be disaggregated in as much detail as possible. As a minimum this means disaggregation by age and sex. Where possible data should also be disaggregated by other relevant factors such as disability

  1. Roles and Responsibilities

The selected consultant will be contracted by ActionAid UK or ActionAid Somaliland, and report to ActionAid Somaliland. Support provided by ActionAid Somaliland will involve: introductory briefings with the consultant(s); security briefings and on-going security support; logistical support arranging visas and booking accommodation as required; providing contact details and introductions to key stakeholders; mobilising community members to be involved in the review; if required, recommendations for research assistants, interpreters or other local human resources as needed.

ActionAid Somaliland can provide support for mobile data collection (provision of devices and IT support) as required. Careful thought will need to be given regarding the appropriateness of using mobile devices to investigate extremely sensitive topics with community members.

ActionAid UK will be responsible for providing technical advice on evaluation approaches and ensuring deliverables meet agreed quality standards and grant requirements.

  1. Tasks and Outputs

It is expected the final evaluation consultancy will involve the following tasks:

Meet with Project Manager and other relevant staff for initial briefing and discussion of TOR (either in Hargeisa or virtually)

Review project documentation (proposal, log-frame, theory of change, baseline and Mid-term reports

etc.) and other existing evidence, including available monitoring data

Write inception report (including full methodology) and work plan for the final evaluation, and discuss schedule with ActionAid Somaliland

Design data collection tools, including questionnaires and all data entry processes (where not already available from the baseline and MTR). This will also include qualitative data collection tools adapted for different target groups as appropriate

Develop research ethics and child protection protocols and appropriate response mechanisms Review/revise sampling strategy and draw up list of sampling points

Provide training to enumerators and project staff on research ethics and data collection techniques Pilot data collection tools / data entry processes (including translation if necessary) and refine as required

Oversee the start-up of final evaluation assignment ensuring quality control processes are in place

Provide on-going (possibly remote) technical support for the duration of the data collection process

and ensure the on-going coordination and management of all data collection Analyse all data collected

Write a draft final evaluation report and present to ActionAid and partners for discussion and review Finalise the final evaluation report based on feedback received

Verbal presentation of findings and recommendations in workshop/meeting(s) with ActionAid, partners and other CSO stakeholders (either in person, remotely, or through the provision of summary presentation material)

Specific outputs of the consultancy will be:

  1. Inception report and work plan
  2. Data collection methodology, including sampling strategy and data collection tools
  3. Training on tools and methodology for enumerators, if necessary
  4. Data analysis of quantitative and qualitative data
  5. Draft final evaluation report
  6. Final evaluation report
  7. Oral presentation/meeting to ActionAid, partner staff and other CSO stakeholders (in Hargeisa or remotely, or through the provision of summary presentation material)
  8. Summary slides of findings
  9. All raw data files including quantitative output and syntax files, qualitative transcripts etc.

All reports will be produced in English. The format of reports will be mutually agreed at inception phase.

  1. Timeline and Budget

The final evaluation is to be carried out by the end of Sept 2019. The contract will start as soon as possible, and the finalised report and data is due by the end of September 2019. If the timeframe is the only constraint for an interested and qualified applicant, we would be interested in reviewing the application and discussing alternative timeframes.

  1. Skills and qualifications of consultants

The successful consultant should have a solid track record on the criteria below, with examples of evidence for each.

General criteria

  1. Demonstrable expertise on women’s rights and gender equality
  2. Thematic expertise in violence against women and girls, harmful traditional practices, or FGM/C
  3. Geographic expertise in East/Horn of Africa, preferably Somaliland

Technical criteria

  1. Experience in quantitative methods and analysis
  2. Experience in qualitative methods and analysis, participatory research, action research
  3. Experience in project monitoring and evaluation systems, including those using participatory approaches and ‘hard to measure’ indicators (i.e. empowerment, governance, well-being, etc.)
  4. Evidence of strong downward accountability mechanisms used with project stakeholders/research participants to actively share results and learning
  5. Evidence of use of ethical considerations and methodological measures for conducting research with girls, women, boys, men on sensitive topics
  6. Evidence of successfully designing and managing large-scale, rigorous and robust research processes and evaluations

Track record

  1. Evidence of client responsiveness, creativity and flexibility of approaches towards clients’ needs and/or challenges in research implementation
  2. Evidence of producing clear, concise reports in English and high quality, published research and active dissemination of research findings


  1. Application process

We invite interested researchers to submit the following application documents:

  1. Expression of interest addressing track record and selection criteria
  2. Technical proposal for the final evaluation including proposed methodology, activities schedule/work plan with time frame
  3. Budget (separating core consultancy costs and daily rates of team members and in-country data collection costs). The budget must offer good value for money maximising potential efficiencies to deliver the outputs within budget
  1. CV(s) of applicant(s)
  2. An example of previous similar work

Selected consultant(s) will be expected to sign and abide by ActionAid values and key policies (including Anti-Sexual Harassment Policy, Child Protection Policy etc.).

Please send your applications to:

The deadline for applying is 7th July, 2019 at 4:00pm East African Time

If you have any questions about these TOR please contact

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