TERMS OF REFERENCE (ToR) TO CONDUCT DISTRICT- WIDE POLITICAL, CONFLICT ASSESSMENT AND GENDER ANALYSIS
TERMS OF REFERENCE (ToR) TO CONDUCT DISTRICT- WIDE POLITICAL, CONFLICT ASSESSMENT AND GENDER ANALYSIS
FCA works to enable people to break the circle of poverty and violence. We are a rights-based actor, a Finnish organisation with 70 years of experience, with operations in 15 countries. FCA is Finland’s largest NGO in development cooperation and second largest provider of disaster relief. Our action is guided by international human rights standards and principles. We realise our mission and vision through development cooperation, humanitarian assistance and advocacy work. We contribute to positive change by supporting people in the most vulnerable situations within fragile and disaster-affected areas. We consider three thematic areas as central to sustainable change: the right to peace (R2P), livelihood (R2L) and quality education (R2QE).
In Somalia and Somaliland FCA has been working under a right to peace thematic areas since 2008 including governance and reconciliation projects and later has expanded in quality education (R2QE) thematic area.
FCA will seek to improve the ability and strengthen the capacity of the Federal Member States (FMS) to support the formation of functional and effective local council and administrations under project titled ‘’ Strengthening local governance structures for more accountable and inclusive Federal Member States in support of the Wadajir National Framework in Elberde district.In order to support a district formation process which the citizens of the target districts and the (s)elected and appointed leaders fully own, FCA plans to focus on four main areas of the Wadajir Framework developed in 2016. They include social reconciliation, civic dialogue and district council, administration formation and strategic communication. While NIS-Foundation will focus on pillar two of Wadajir Framework of Peace Dividends and both FCA and NIS is expected that by utilizing a flexible and holistic approach South West State will support the formation of a more inclusive local governance system
The program expected result is to support the legitimacy and perception of effectiveness of the governance structures through the delivery of tangible peace dividends and support the formation of functional and effective local council and administrations.
Based on lessons learnt on our previous work on establishment of local governance structures and systems and aligning to requirements of Wadajir National Framework for local governance. The district-wide conflict assessment should be conducted and conflict profile to be developedfor El -berde district based on a holistic analysis of the district conflict actors, local structures, potential triggers and to understand the historical grievances, real and perceived in justices and current conflicts which can impact the formation of inclusive district councils and administrations.
The development of a conflict profile should be (in both English and Somali) for the target district and by using on the ground data as well as pre-existing sources for areas, which are not accessible.
It is important to understand conflict dynamics, District clan demographics, key actors and stakeholders, spoilers, and administrative gaps when supporting the formation of district councils given local conflicts, have historically driven conflict in Somalia as well as understanding the existing power sharing structures.
Based on the local government laws that were passed by the FMS, it’s important to understand the surrounding villages of each and every district in order to know the power sharing structures and clan dynamics of those districts and this are important items to consider during the DCF process.
Given the role marginalization and historical grievances play at the local level, the conflict profile must focus on underlying conflict issues, triggers and hotspots in the entire district in order to mitigate future conflict.
- OBTECTIVE OF THE ASSESSMENT
The overall purpose of the Conflict ,Political, Economic ,Gender and Security Assessment(COPESA)is to give the programme a detailed holistic analysis on the district-wide conflict assessment, the political economy, to understand conflict dynamics, District clan demographics, key actors and stakeholders, spoilers, administrative gaps, the historical grievances, real and perceived in justices and current conflicts which can impact the formation of inclusive district councils and administrations in project locations.
To establish a basis for monitoring changes that may impact upon the stabilization of peace dividends objectives and operations over time. Special attention should be paid to analysis of women’s and youth rights and gender equality in project locations, especially on issues such as service delivery, women and youth representation in local councils, job opportunities and security for women. This information will be essential for understanding how the stabilization of peace dividends can maximise positive impacts.Detailed information should be available ahead of the implementation to assist project components ensure in achieving the tended landmark, thus bringing up the need for not only security information but further details about the economic, socio politics history of the area.
The conflict analysis shall examine the past, present, and possible future clan- and politically-based conflict and how this can impact on the district council formation process. The gender analysis part will be carried out in the target district in order to acutely understand the status, challenges, and context of women’s participation within the electoral and decision-making processes. As well as identifying the needs and interests of women, youth and marginalized groups from the rural and remote communities of the target districts, who have not specifically involved in the political and decision making process and may have different needs from female leaders/activists and other elected women with better knowledge, experience and education.
- SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE
Establish a clear picture of the political power distribution, gender, social inclusion and security contexts this location and how the activities/components of the programme are likely to respond and interact with these realities. It will be essential that the conflict assessment and gender analysis reports analyses how the activities in the project location are specifically relevant to local dynamics and how this will support the programme’s broader objectives.
Supporting any needed adjustments to the programme’s risk management strategy through early identification of un-flagged risks and recommending mitigations.Such an analysis will help FCA to monitor potential risks as they evolve and develop appropriate mitigation strategies.
- KEY DELIVERABLES AND TASKS
The required outputs of this assignment will be as follows:
- Developing tools of the conflict profiling and adjusting tools of gender analysis
- Validation of tools
- Carrying out COPESA assessment
- Presentation on the main findings and validation of the assessment at proposed project target location upon agreed timelines
- Assessment report in English and Somali language detailing the findings of the assessment .The finding should also be presented to TIS+ and FCA project team and validate.
- Identify reconciliation needs in each district as per the findings of the conflict assessment, in order to help facilitate the district formation process. It should prioritize conflicts, which could undermine the on-going local governance initiative.
- The conflict profile must focus on underlying conflict issues, triggers, the different scenarios and hotspots in the entire district in order to mitigate future conflict. The conflict analysis shall examine the past, present, and possible future clan- and politically-based conflict and how this can impact on the district council formation process.
The selected consultant for the assignment should come up with a clear plan of action on how the assessment will be carried out one week upon the award of work including an inception report. A draft report constituting but not limited to the following components;
- Overview and background of the assessment
- Approaches and methodologies
- Findings and main results
- Challenges and obstacles of the assessment
- Conclusion and recommendations
- Annexes (KII and FGD reports, Tools used for the assessment and others.
- List of references
- A final report with comments/inputs from senior local governance and reconciliation manager, FCA M&E team and other project actors
The following tasks should be carried to arrive on the above deliverables
- Stipulate a plan of action and field activity timetable to achieve the different parts of the work which includes; interviews focus group discussions and developing assessment final report
- Define the sample size of community groups, local administrations and other actors to be accommodated and interviewed during the assessment at community, district and regional level. The selection of target groups should be representative in terms of size, geographic distribution, clan dynamics, age and community segments of the target population
- Design and develop the draft of the questionnaires based on comments and inputs from FCA senior Governance and reconciliation manager, M&E team and others
- Conduct meetings with senior local governance and reconciliation manager and other stakeholders to discuss on plan of action, the sample size and drafting of interview questionnaires
- Analyze the findings of the assessment (interviews and focus group discussions)
- Formulate and ensure timely delivery of the final report after the analysis of the findings and participate in meetings with different stakeholders to discuss draft report before finalization.
The district-wide conflict assessment and gender analysis should be participatory and consultative. The consultant is expected to come up with clear methodologies and approaches of the assessment taking into account the nature of the project and context. The following methodologies can be applied but should not be limited to;
- Desk review of secondary data and information available at district level
- Conducting focus group discussions and key informant interviews with various community groups that include; youth, women, traditional and religious leaders, CSOs with inclusion of representatives from marginalized and minority groups
- Community meetings to collect more information on the clan dynamics and conflicts
- Face to face discussion with people in authority and report on their recommendations and contribution to the assessment
- General observation of the district structure in terms of administration and infrastructure and capacity of the existing administration, representation of women and youth as well note on priority needs of the district.
- TARGET STAKEHOLDERS
Key Stakeholders of the project are District Administrations, Local CSOs, including Women, Youth, Traditional/Religious/Clan Leaders, Federal Member State Administrations – Ministry of Interior and Local Government of South West State, Ministry of Women and Human Rights Development at the State level, Federal Government Ministries such as – Ministry of Interior, Federal Affairs, and Reconciliation (MOIFAR).
- Firm or a person competency
Advised to propose a team for conducting the need assessment. The consulting firm/NGO will ensure that relevant members from the assignment execution team should possess the following experiences, skills and competencies:
- Master’s degree in relevant social science discipline (preferably Peace and conflict studies, or political science) with minimum of 5 years’ experience in the field of political and peace or gender and development with a focus on politics/governance;
- Working experience from the public sector or governance programming in a post-conflict setting and particularly in South west State is an asset;
- Extensive knowledge of political systems; and Background in working towards increasing women’s political participation;
- Proven ability in developing and implementing qualitative research methodology and identifying relevant stakeholders with solid understanding of and experience with carrying out multi-stakeholder studies.
- Knowledge of critical gender issues in the Somalia or South west state context;
- Superior skills in gender mainstreaming, analysis and monitoring
- Good understanding of democratization process in South West State
- Strong analytical skills on gender analysis in overall aspects of survey designing and conducting
- Excellent communication and facilitation skills as well as fluency in English
- Ability to work collaboratively with multiple and groups
- Ability to produce high quality work under tight timeframes
- Evidence of having undertaken similar assignments
- Ability to develop high quality research reports in English
- Duration of the assignment and schedule:
The consultancy will take place starting from June 12019 for 25 effective days. The final report is anticipated no later than 3 weeks after completion of fieldwork.
|Desk Review: assessment design, methodology, and detailed work plan.||Desk review and evaluation plan||3 days|
|Inception Meeting Initial briefing with selected consultant.||Inception Report||2 days|
|Field Visits and data collection.||
Final assessment Report
|Data analysis, debriefing, and presentation of draft assessment report||4 days|
|Draft report presentation and validation meeting with the lead consultant.||1 day|
|Finalization of assessment report incorporating additions & comments and submission to FCA.||3 days|
|Validation workshop||Presentation of the data to various stakeholders in Mogadishu and Nairobi||5 days|
Proposed Schedule of Payments.
The consultant shall be paid the consultancy fee upon completion of the following milestones.
|Upon approval of the Inception report||30%|
|Upon Approval of final report||70%|
The consultancy fee will be subjected to income tax in accordance to the Somalia Financial ACT 201x/1x, section xx of the Taxation Amendment ACT 201x.
The consultants will be evaluated by using skills, experience, Quality and Cost approach (combined scoring method). Technical proposal will be evaluated on 70% score whereas the financial proposal will be evaluated on 30% score. The incumbent consultant is responsible for all logistics required in this assignment. FCA will organize introductory session with key line ministries of the South West State as well as arranging meetings with other meeting with the district administration leadership if needed.
All applications should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org the 22ndMay, 2019 withConsultancy toconduct Elberde Conflict Assessment on the subject line. The selection committeewill review all applications as they arrive. All applicants must meet the minimum requirements described above.
Each application package should include the following:
- An application letter addressing the selection criteria including how the consultant’s previous experience matches the consultancy objectives as well as the interest for the position. It should also indicate the candidate’s availability and consultancy rates. The letter should be not longer than two pages;
- All technical and financial proposals including all the logistics and accommodation related costs in the field, Updated CV including relevant work experience and qualifications
- Contact details of 2 references.
Applications not including all of the above information will not be reviewed.
FCA is an equal opportunity employer.
Female candidates are highly encouraged.