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Economic study of split urban-rural households and opportunities for increased remittance transfers – South Central Somalia

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  • Post date:21 Oct 2020
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Job Description

Somalia Growth, Enterprise, Employment & Livelihoods (GEEL) Project

Activity Scope of Work

Reference: TO2-Y6-ASOW-043

Activity: Economic study of split urban-rural households and opportunities for increased remittance transfers

Location:

South Central Somalia

Duration and Timing:

3 months, October 2020 to January 2021

Background:

Growth, Enterprise, Employment & Livelihoods (GEEL) is a USAID-funded project designed to promote and facilitate inclusive economic growth in Puntland, Somaliland and other existing and emerging federal states. The project is focusing on agriculture, livestock, fisheries and renewable energy sectors. It will also seek to strengthen the business enabling environment through improving access to finance, policy and regulation, and business development services. Particular focus is given to increase the participation of women and youth in the economy as entrepreneurs, employers, and employees and increasingly for reaching into rural and resilience areas.

Introduction:

Access to finance has been very limited with banks and micro-finance institutions (MFIs) reluctant to lend and requiring stringent conditions which often fail to meet the needs of micro-businesses. Internally displaced people (IDPs), youth, women and members of other marginalized groups have most difficulty in accessing finance because of their status and lack of assets and guarantors. Banks and MFIs have very few branches in branches in resilience areas, no way of reaching rural areas and almost no experience of business models such as mobile banking, agency banking, self-help groups (SHGs) and village savings and loan associations (VSLAs). Remittances continue to support IDPs and other split households but tend to be from international rather than local remitters and directed towards subsistence rather than supporting economic activity.

Rationale:

GEEL will work with split households (where some members live as recent migrants/IDPs in Baidoa, Baladweyne, Jowhare and Afgoye or other urban centers and the others live in rural areas) to use remittances between them to support economic activity and especially improve access to finance. GEEL will assess the economic situation of IDP members of split households and the challenges and opportunities for sending and receiving remittances between urban and rural areas. The study will yield recommendations for prototypes that improve the safety, reliability, and size of remittances flowing between urban migrants/IDPs and their rural households. The study report will be presented in workshops to durable solutions and resilience actors.

Somalia Growth, Enterprise, Employment & Livelihoods Project – info@sogeel.org

Somalia Growth, Enterprise, Employment & Livelihoods (GEEL) Project

Objectives:

Study design and approach

  • Conduct a desk review of relevant research and methodologies used with urban populations in comparative contexts
  • Propose an adapted methodology to assess source and amount of cash income; comprehensive expenditure analysis; negative events affecting income; coping strategies; frequency, amount, transfer mechanism and destination of remittances; challenges and opportunities for improving remittance flows; seasonal and shock-related trends in need for remittances
  • The methodology should include quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis from a random sample of IDP households (as opposed to sampling participants in GEEL programming)

Qualitative data collection and proposed sample

  • Carry out 4-6 focus groups in Baidoa and two comparison cities, such as Baladweyne, Jowhar or Afgoye
  • Focus groups should be held with business owners and migrant/IDP laborers and micro-enterprises in a range of sectors
  • Analyze qualitative results and prepare a brief report on the methods used and findings
  • Develop a sampling approach that will allow for random sampling in sectors with a preponderance of recent migrant/IDP workers
  • Prepare and deliver a presentation on the proposed approach to USAID for feedback

Sampling methodology

  • Community entry with gatekeepers
  • Mapping of target population
  • Gather and present information on the estimated population of recent IDP/migrants currently engaged in income-generating activities in the three target cities
  • Conduct a sample size calculation and present a cost-effective approach to interviewing a random sample of eligible households

Data collection and analysis

  • Develop the data collection instruments
  • Recruit and train qualified enumerators and facilitators
  • Manage data collection, and provide rigorous data quality measures and field oversight
  • Clean and analyze quantitative data using industry standard software
  • Develop report and presentation in line with USAID standards and for wider dissemination

Outcomes

  • Improved understanding of how split rural/urban households transfer and use remittances.
  • Provide recommendations for improving remittance flows to rural areas for the purpose of strengthening economic activities.
  • Help to build urban to rural investment and remittances linkages.
  • Somalia Growth, Enterprise, Employment & Livelihoods Project – info@sogeel.org
  • Somalia Growth, Enterprise, Employment & Livelihoods (GEEL) Project

Deliverables:

  • Below are the deliverables expected by the client, to be provided at the relevant stage of implementation:
  • Desk review on relevant research and methodologies
  • Study design recommendation in the form of an inception report
  • Qualitative instruments, sampling frame and recruitment strategy
  • Qualitative report on methods and findings
  • Presentation to the GEEL team and USAID on findings and proposed sampling approach
  • Mapping report (primarily quantitative) on estimated target population, location and type of economic activity
  • Develop and incorporate feedback on questionnaires
  • Translated and back translated questionnaires
  • Detailed workplan, including community entry and movement plans for survey activity
  • Final version of the survey instrument generated once programming is finished
  • Enumerator training curriculum
  • Cleaned, coded and organized version of the data
  • Sampling record, including contacts, names, dates, locations of respondents
  • Write-up of limitations, challenges and good practices during the assignment
  • Data cleaning and imputation plan
  • Final report on quantitative findings, incorporating background from desk review and qualitative round
  • Presentation on findings on behalf of GEEL with resilience and durable solutions actors and USAID (specific forums to be determined)
  • High quality photos

Proposed team:

The team should be led by a qualified consultant with relevant sectoral, economic and statistical expertise. The team should include experienced facilitators and enumerators with access and familiarity to the target locations working under the supervision of at least two supervisors fluent in local dialects, one each in Southwest State and Hirshabelle. This team should be under the overall management of one survey manager with background in research and data collection, who is located in Somalia for the duration of the training and data collection and is fluent in at least one of the relevant Somali languages. All the facilitators and enumerators should be native speakers of the relevant Somali language with good command in English.

Key Qualifications:

Lead consultant(s)

  • Be a Somali national with ability to travel and work safely in resilience areas.
  • Demonstrate subject-matter expertise and experience of urban livelihoods, migration, micro-businesses and micro-finance in Somalia.
  • Have knowledge and experience of statistical approaches to sampling, household economic analysis, qualitative analysis and report writing.
  • Have experience designing, developing, managing and writing results from evaluations/studies in Somalia on topics related to resilience, migration, urban livelihoods, or other relevant topics.
  • Be fluent in Somali and English.
  • Have a master’s degree or higher degree in economic development or a relevant subject.

Research team

  • The research firm must have presence in Somalia (with operations in South Central region) with a roster of qualified facilitators and enumerators.
  • Survey manager must have at least 5 years work experience in Somalia. (Managers with qualifications in Economics, Statistics, M&E or Social Sciences will be preferred).
  • Technical experts with research experience in agriculture, fisheries, livestock sectors evaluations will be preferred.

Application process:

Detailed technical and financial proposals to be submitted to  solicitations@sogeel.org and not later than 1st November 2020. All applicants to enclose similar assignments undertaken and references.

Somalia Growth, Enterprise, Employment & Livelihoods Project – info@sogeel.org

Economic study of Split HHs

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