The rationale for a durable solutions intervention in Somalia is primarily related to the extent to which conflict has impacted institutional collapse, and the constant increase in the number of displaced persons. The current displacement trends also reveal underlying patterns of marginalization and social exclusion. With reference to displacement, the following driving factors are especially influential in Somalia: conflict and violence in areas of origin (or new areas of settlement); loss of access to land; environmental factors and natural disasters and food insecurity. Vulnerable groups, especially women and children comprising 49.6% and 63% respectively of the displaced populations and thousands of youth and marginalized minority populations, are exposed to violence such as domestic violence, sexual violence, gender‐based violence, forced labor1.
In line with the National Development Plan objectives on durable solutions, Midnimo II Project intends to be a flexible tool to ensure that key interventions on durable solutions meaningfully support government and displaced households break the cycle of displacement. This project takes into particular account the needs of recently and protracted internally displaced persons and, in its effort to tackle internal displacement, the programme intends to prioritize the reduction of marginalization and displacement driven discrimination by strengthening the trust between displaced groups, host or resident communities, and government institutions at local level – thereby increasing the participation of IDPs in public affairs. Secondly, by including a spatial dimension centered on the security of land tenure rights, area planning and city extension, the project aims at anchoring displaced populations and at preventing those factors, like forced evictions that contribute to maintain the cycle of displacement. The programme finally seeks to set up livelihood systems which will enable IDPs to become sustainably employed while (i) enhancing availability of basic services through their work and (ii) by enhancing their capacity to save and therefore purchase services that cannot currently be
provided in the form of universal schemes.
The Project capitalizes on the successes of Midnimo I and builds on momentum for state/ district expansion of authority and accountability to address challenges of conflict, displacement and community cohesion through government‐led but community‐driven solutions, improvement in livelihoods and local economy informed by gender‐differentiated baseline. By targeting underserved states at a critical time supports Somalia’s transition to a peaceful and stable country building on the positive developments and gains made in the local political and social contexts for real change, with credible government actors at the fore.
The overall objectives of the project are to:
- Improve peace, social cohesion and economic condition of IDP, migrants, and host communities especially women, youth and other vulnerable populations, and
- Develop capacities of communities, local and federal government, and institutions to foster community participation, inclusion, and equitable access to resources.
The objectives will be achieved through two outcomes as follows:
Outcome 1: Government structures and institutions at Federal, regional, district and community level are strengthened, more accountable and transparent and better able, to respond to the various needs of the population in the Federal Member States of Somalia, and in particular Hirshabelle and
Outcome 2: Communities are proactively engaging with the Federal Member States of Somalia, and in particular Hirshabelle and Galmudug, and benefitting from enhanced social and economic services.