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Terms of reference for final evaluation of the project “Enhancing Livelihoods of the Agro-Pastoral Community of Sheik District in Sahil Region, Somaliland”

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Job Description

Terms of reference for final evaluation of the project “Enhancing Livelihoods of the Agro-Pastoral Community of Sheik District in Sahil Region, Somaliland”


International Solidarity Foundation (ISF) is a Finnish non-governmental organization, founded in 1970. ISF Development Cooperation Program 2018-2021 is based on the development vision according to which women and girls are free from violence and no one suffers from poverty.

Candlelight for Environment, Education & Health is one of the local strategic partners of ISF Finland. Candlelight in collaboration with International Solidarity Foundation (ISF) has implemented a 2nd phase of the livelihood project aimed at enhancing the livelihoods of the agro-pastoral communities in Sahil region, Somaliland. The project improved the production and utilization of sisal fibre through varietal selection, plant multiplication, value addition, use of best agricultural practices including water harvesting and utilization to improve productivity. The focus of the project was on improving income of women.

Specifically, project focused on sisal productivity improvement though trainings on agronomic practices for sisal value addition as an income generation opportunity to benefit women and men, provision of cultivation inputs for agro-pastoral small holder famers. Land fertility improvement was carried out through soil and water conservation activities. Overall, the project contributed to making the target beneficiaries and the host community more resilient to the effects of recurring drought conditions.

Project goal and expected results

The goal of the project is improved household income and strengthened climate resilience of livelihoods in the target villages. The expected results of the project are

  • Result 1: 280 Beneficiaries’ capacity for sisal plantation and landownership issues has improved
  • Result 2: Increased household income of 140 women through improved sisal products finishing skills.
  • Result 3: Improved entrepreneurship skills, marketing and cooperativeness of 140 sisal women.
  • Result 4: Increased access to water by both people and farms in critical months of the year through establishment of water catchments.
  • Result 5: Strengthened the capacity of the project staff to manage the project effectively and efficiently.

Purpose and scope of the evaluation

The purpose for this evaluation is to assess the performance of the project and identify project achievements, challenges and best practices to inform future similar programming. The evaluation ensures accountability towards the beneficiaries of the project and it offers a learning possibility for all stakeholders.

More specifically, the purpose of the evaluation is to assess:

  • impact of the project
  • effectiveness in achieving expected results
  • efficiency of the project in achieving results
  • sustainability of the results on the long run

The following key questions will guide the project evaluation:


  • To what extent has the project achieved its overall goal to increase household incomes, adaptation capacity of the farm systems and the targeted beneficiaries?
  • Are the applied strategies and activities appropriate and adequate to achieve the project goal?
  • To what extent can identified changes be attributed to the project? What would not have occurred without the project?
  • Are the applied strategies and activities reaching (all) relevant actors?
  • Have the project interventions led to some unintended (positive or negative) outcomes in the lives of people?
  • Which social, political, or/and economic (external to the project) factors have contributed or hindered the project impact?


  • To what extent have the expected results (as identified in the monitoring plan) been achieved?
  • To what extent did the project reach the targeted beneficiaries at the project goal and outcome levels? How many beneficiaries have been reached?
  • To what extent has this project generated positive (or negative) changes in the lives of targeted (and untargeted) beneficiaries. Please describe those changes.
  • To what extent has the project been able to empower women economically and socially?
  • Which factors have facilitated/hindered the achievement of the expected results? For example:
    • change in knowledge and skills
    • change in the way to produce
    • change in partnerships and networks
    • change in community or cooperative management
    • any other


  • Is the use of human and economic resources efficient in relation to the project’s achievements? What measures have been taken during planning and implementation to ensure resources are efficiently used?
  • Is the collaboration with key stakeholders efficient and mutually satisfying?
  • Are there actors and/or institutions whose engagement could improve the efficiency of the project?
  • How efficiently has the project been managed in terms of inter-agency learning and networking?
  • What are the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of the project’s implementation process?


  • What is the likelihood of continuation and sustainability of project outcomes and benefits after completion of the project?
  • To what extent are the farm systems ecologically sustainable? Is the project compatible with the sustainable use of natural resources?
  • Is the technology used in the project appropriate to the community’s economic, educational, and cultural conditions?
  • To what extent are the women business groups institutionally and economically sustainable?
  • What are the key factors that influenced positively the sustainability of the project impact and effectiveness?
  • Recommendations: What kind of strategies should be undertaken to strengthen the sustainability of the farm system?
  • Recommendations: what kind of strategies should be undertaken to strengthen the sustainability of sisal production?
  • Recommendations: What kind of strategies should be undertaken to strengthen the sustainability of the women’s business groups?

Knowledge generation and learning

  • What are the key lessons learned and the best practices?
  • Are there case stories linked to best practices which can be captured?

Methodology of the evaluation

The evaluation will use both qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques to source for appropriate information from the respondents. In the wake of COVID-19, the adopted approach will follow the do-no-harm principle by ensuring that the methodologies used do not result in increased risk for respondents or for the consultancy team. As the COVID-19 situation unfolds, the consultancy will be conducted through a series of discrete activities beginning with desk reviews before face to face interviews. Depending on the duration and severity of pandemic, the consultancy team will utilize appropriate means and tools to collect information.

The evaluation should collect and analyze quantitative and qualitative data through the following methods:

  • Desk study and review of all relevant project documentation including project documents, annual work-plans, quarterly and annual project reports, reports of the project steering committee
  • Key informant in-depth interviews (KII) to gather primary data from key stakeholders
  • Focus group discussions (FGD) with project beneficiaries and other stakeholders.
  • Individual and/or group surveys
  • Observations during field visit(s)

The stakeholders that should be consulted within this consultancy shall include but not be restricted to [adjust the list according to the needs]: 

  • Line ministries such as Ministry of Agriculture]
  • District Level Authorities such as the local council
  • Local Authorities as well as traditional leaders at village level

Timing, duration and expected deliverables of the evaluation

The evaluation is expected to start in [date] for an estimated duration of twenty (20) working days. This will include [adjust the list if needed]

  • desk review and submission of inception report
  • field visit(s) and data collection
  • data analysis and evaluation report writing
  • workshop to validate initial evaluation findings
  • submission of the final report

Based on the project documentation, the consultant shall submit an inception report to Candlelight management and ISF no later than October 20th. 2021. The inception report serves as an agreement between parties on how the evaluation will be conducted, covering the following items:

  • Research methodology, including data collection tools (e.g. FGD and KII questions), suggested target groups and sample sizes and criteria, and ethical considerations
  • Proposal for a learning event to validation of evaluation findings.
  • Schedule of the evaluation activities incl. travelling (timeline)
  • Detailed budget

The evaluator shall prepare the data collection tools before the field work and submit to Candlelight management and ISF for comments and feedback before the actual field work is undertaken.

Candlelight will provide the required project documents and any other relevant project information. Candlelight will also provide transport to the project sites. Evaluator team must ensure active participation of different categories of people, including women, in the evaluation.

Both qualitative and quantitative data will be analyzed and elaborated in the report. Data should be disaggregated by location and sex; that is, separately for children (girls and boys), men and women.

The first draft of the evaluation report should be sent for comments to Candlelight management and ISF no later than November 25th, 2021. The final evaluation report, which incorporates the ISF and Candlelight comments and suggestions done to the draft report, should be submitted to Candlelight and ISF no later than November 30th, 2021.

The final report is expected to include title page, summary (description of program/project, purpose of the evaluation, methodology, summary of main findings, implications of findings and recommendations), introduction and background, methodology, findings, recommendations and annexes.

Qualifications of the consultant

The profile of the individual consultants needs to meet the qualification requirements below [adjust the list if needed]:

  • University degree in agriculture, water management or any other relevant field.
  • Extensive (more than 7 years) working experience in relevant fields, including experience on women’s economic empowerment.
  • Understanding of Somaliland’s agriculture context, climate and extreme weather conditions and their impacts on rural livelihoods.
  • More than 5 years of experience in research and/or project development/management and review
  • Experience of working with international organizations
  • Evidence of quality outputs from previous assignments
  • Fluent English
  • Good qualitative and quantitative analytical skills
  • Good reporting and presenting skills
  • Punctuality and availability to complete the work on time

How to apply and selection process

Requested information:

  • qualification of the consultant (CV)
  • a draft consultancy plan (1-2 pages) including a short description on what methods will be used and the duration of the consultancy (number of days) 
  • cost of the tender: facilitation fee/ day, other costs 

The consultant will be chosen in accordance with three main criteria: a) the professional capacity of the consultant, b) the quality and content of the tender, c) the cost of the tender.

Only the selected candidate will be notified of the results of the selection process. 

The tender must be submitted not later than October 14th, 2021 at 2:30 Pm, via e-mail to: hr@candlelightsom.org.

Note: Female Candidates are highly encouraged to apply



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