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Terms of Reference Integrated Rapid Needs Assessment in Somaliland/Somalia

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Job Description

 Terms of Reference Integrated Rapid Needs Assessment in Somaliland/Somalia


Nearly 3.5 million people across Somalia are expected to face food consumption gaps or depletion of livelihood assets indicative of Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes through the end of the year, in the absence of humanitarian assistance. The key drivers of acute food insecurity in Somalia include the combined effects of poor and erratic rainfall distribution, flooding and conflict. Moreover, approximately 1.2 million children under the age of five are likely to be acutely malnourished, including nearly 213,400 who are likely to be severely malnourished. It is likely that sustained, large-scale humanitarian food assistance and government support since January 2021 have mitigated the magnitude and severity of food insecurity. Despite minimal damage in early to mid-2021, Desert Locust will continue to pose a serious risk to both pasture availability and crop production across Somalia. Available forecasts indicate an increased likelihood of below-average rainfall during the 2021 Deyr (October-December) season across most of the country, which would adversely affect food security and nutrition outcomes.

From October to December 2021, food insecurity is expected to further deteriorate among poor rural, urban, and displaced populations due to the impacts of anticipated below-average 2021 Deyr (October-December) season rainfall, continued insecurity and other food security related risk factors, including rising food prices and cost of living, declining availability of milk for both consumption and sale, and a likely reduction in agricultural employment opportunities during the forthcoming Deyr season. Without sustained humanitarian food assistance, 3.5 million people across Somalia are expected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes between October and December 2021.[1]


To provide a detailed mapping of the current humanitarian needs and crisis affected populations in South-Central, Puntland and Somaliland in terms of WASH, FSL and Protection related issues. The technical assessment will serve to generate a comparative analysis that informs the selection and identification of the most critical villages/sites in terms of need for assistance.

Specific Objectives

  • To assess the current status of households with regard to Water Sanitation and Hygiene, protection, and availability of food times to meet their basic dietary need as well as access to other livelihoods and markets
  • To identify differences in need amongst assessed populations and geographical areas by prioritizing the most needy.
  • To provide evidence-based information of the conditions of the crisis-affected people with the aim of contributing to a more integrated and relevant humanitarian interventions.

Methodology and sampling overview

The assessment will employ both quantitative and qualitative methods. This will allow to provide in-depth/broader understanding of the current situation of the affected communities. The criteria for selecting sites will depend largely on the context, hence, target villages for the assessment will be selected based on the latest FSNAU reports. In addition, the assessment will also consider severity of drought impact, pre-existing vulnerabilities, geographical remoteness, population density (high presence of IDPs), no other humanitarian actors (delivering same intervention) is operating, etc.

Sampling will be primarily purposive with quotas for each population group, meaning that findings will be indicative and all various interviews of the assessment will be purposively conducted with fully informed community members such as heads of households from both host community and internally displaced persons (IDPs), community leaders, villages committees, government representatives etc.

Indicative questions of the assessment

The assessment data collection tools should cover more in depth to the main programmatic themes including WaSH, FSL and gender and protection. However, a topline of the  key questions and priorities required for the assessment to meet will be as follows:  

  • What are the main community needs and priorities in terms of WASH, FSL and Protection?
  • Which are the most affected communities and how are they affected?
  • How have the following disasters affected the communities?
    • Drought
    • Desert Locust
    • COVID-19
  • How are the communities coping with the situation?
  • What are other stakeholders doing about it?
  • What can be done to support the communities?


Oxfam MEAL Coordinator will review and approve of the following deliverables:

  • A technical proposal clearly indicating activities, timelines, and delivery plan
  • Data collection tools
  • A comprehensive participatory needs assessment report of maximum 30 pages based on the objectives and of publishable quality.
  • Executive summary that is stand alone and can be used separately
  • Validation workshop

Geographic scope and duration of work

The Needs Assessment will be expected to be carried out in South-Central Somalia, Puntland and Somaliland. Tentatively, this assignment is expected to be completed within 25 working days.


The lead consultant/consultancy firm of the assessment should have: 

  • At least 8 years practical experiences in conducting needs assessments in the Somali context
  • Demonstrate expertise and experience in conducting similar assessments
  • Excellent analytical, oral and written communication skills in English
  • Able to work independently to collect the information of the target locations
  • Valid registration with tax clearance
  • Technical capacity necessary in executing this assignment including high level analytical skills, and strong report writing skills.
  • Good reputation in context and in working with INGOs; experience working with Oxfam is an added value.

Application Procedures

Applicants should submit an EOI to SOM-Consultancies@oxfam.org   latest on 20th October  with the following;

  • Brief CV along with a succinct rationale of how the consultant/consultant team meet the requirements above (max. 2 pages)
  • Technical proposal of how the work will be undertaken including methodology and proposed schedule (max. 8 pages)
  • The financial proposal in USD clearly showing the budgeted cost of the work to be conducted (to be submitted in a separate document from the technical proposal) including 6% Somaliland Government tax for local consultant and 12% for the international consultant.
  • Indicative budget including daily rates in USD for each team member, as well as estimated costs for transport, accommodation, meals.
  • Contact details for two referees for similar type of work.
  • Confirmation of availability to undertake this work, including field visits of the targeted assessment areas in Somaliland and Somalia.

Shortlisted applicants will be invited to an interview.

[1] Integrated Food Security Phase Classification – http://www.ipcinfo.org/



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