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Terms of Reference (TOR) for Final evaluation of “Enhancing Agro-pastoral Communities’ Livelihood Resilience in Togdheer Region, Somaliland.” In 2016 – 2021.

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Final evaluation of “Enhancing Agro-pastoral Communities’ Livelihood Resilience in Togdheer Region, Somaliland.” In 2016 – 2021.


1.1 International Solidarity Foundation (ISF)           

The International Solidarity Foundation (ISF) is a Finnish Nongovernmental Organization founded in 1970. ISF supports development that strengthens democracy, equality, and human rights internationally and challenges people in Finland to build an equitable world.

ISF’s development cooperation aims to achieve poverty reduction through increased gender equality and decent livelihoods. The work strengthens civil society and democracy by encouraging the poorest groups of people, women and men alike, to influence their development. The ISF Development Cooperation Programme is based on the ISF development vision according to which the preconditions for men and women to live decent and happy lives will have improved. To implement this development vision, ISF promotes (for the benefit of its beneficiaries):

  1. Improved access to livelihoods through decent work;
  2. Gender equality;
  3. Civil society strengthening at the local level.

I.2 Agriculture Development Organisation (ADO)

The Agricultural Development Organization (ADO) was established in 1993 in Burao, focusing on relief and rehabilitation to assist the returnee population who had their homes and livelihoods destroyed during the civil war in the 1980s. Since its establishment, ADO has expanded its activities and has ventured into early recovery and development. ADO has its Head Office in Hargeisa with the regional branch offices in Burao, Borama, and Erigavo of Togdheer, Awdal, and Sanaag regions. ADO is an active member of the leading local umbrella groups, namely, NAGAAD and SOLPAF, and SONSEF.

It also strongly collaborates with the Environment Network, Human Rights Network, and Food Security Network. Currently, the organization is in close partnership with UNDP, ISF, OCHA/SHF, and Development Fund (DF and KNH. A rights-based, pro-poor and people-centered methodology is the core philosophy inherent in ADO’s development approach. ADO’s approach is an innovative community-based participatory learning approach aimed at empowering marginalized groups to be engaged in areas that affect their lives. ADO approach is a bottom-up process throughout all the stages of the project cycle; it is a community-driven and people-centered approach.

ADO believes that good governance, human rights, and democratic principles need both vertical and horizontal support. This paradigm requires developing effective linkages and strengthening meaningful relationships at different levels (national, sub-national, and local levels).   ADO has carved a niche for itself as a professional development agency and made remarkable strides in advancing the targeted communities’ agriculture and livelihoods. In the past five years, ADO programs and thematic areas aim at:

  • Increasing access to assets: land, water, and human capital;
  • Making smallholder farming more productive and sustainable;
  • Improving access to financial services;
  • Enhancing the performance of producer organizations;
  • Enhancing human knowledge to adapt and mitigate climate changes, stressors, and shocks;
  • Promoting innovation to science research and technology.

The International Solidarity Foundation (ISF) and ADO have established cooperation and partnership through this project of Enhancing Agro-pastoral Communities’ Livelihood Resilience in Togdheer Region, Somaliland.” In 2016 – 2021.

The project had introduced and utilized Climate-smart agriculture. This approach guides guide actions needed to transform and reorient agricultural systems to effectively support the development and ensure food security in a changing climate. ADO applied this approach to tackle poverty and meet the CSA main objectives of sustainably increasing agricultural productivity and incomes, adapting and building resilience to climate change, and adapting and mitigating the adverse climate change effects.

The ended project had four significant results:

  1. Farmers’ access to drought-resistant and high yielding seed varieties is improved
  2. Vegetable and fruit production are viable sources of income for women in the project area
  3. Farmers’ capacity to produce, process, and market sesame is improved
  4. The technical aspect of the project staff’s Dry-land farming management and effective program monitoring is enhanced.

The direct project beneficiaries were 400 farmer households living in Beer and 200 persons who directly benefited from the project through trainings, community seed banking, and village committees who were empowered and capacitated during the project via resource management, climate change adaptation and conflict resolution trainings. Furthermore, the project had indirect beneficiaries of 3500 that benefited from the project inputs provided of seeds in the seed bank, fodder, pastoralist that indirectly benefited from the fodder production and sales. Besides, the project had indirect beneficiaries of those businesswomen and men who buy vegetable and crop products from the Beer farmers that the project supported.


The purpose of this evaluation exercise is to evaluate this project that ended on December 31, 2021. The evaluation aims to assess the project impacts, relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability of the project in the long run. The ISF is hiring an external evaluator for this exercise to provide ISF with independent final evaluation of the project activities’ impacts against the set (planned) targets.

3.1 Objectives:

The evaluation is aimed at fulfilling the following objectives:

  • Identify the main achievements and impacts of the cooperation between ISF and ADO in the current project of “Enhancing Agro-pastoral Communities’ Livelihood Resilience in Togdheer Region, Somaliland.” In 2016 – 2021.
  • Based on the project research summaries’ impact evaluation results, identify recommendations for future cooperation between ISF and ADO, including the development sector’s recommendations, main project areas, leading groups of beneficiaries, and principal for action.

The information received through this evaluation and research will serve as a source When ISF and ADO make the decisions about the future cooperation in the coming years:

  • The evaluator will prepare the final evaluation of the project. The evaluation’s main goals are to determine the extent to which the objectives as defined in the logical framework have been met as of the evaluation’s date and assess the likelihood of achieving them upon project completion. The evaluation is meant to answer the broad questions as derived from the evaluation criteria set out below:

3.2 Key questions


The extent to which its results can justify the costs of the project:

  • Has the program been managed with reasonable regard for efficiency? What measures have been taken during planning and implementation to ensure resources are efficiently used?
  • Could the program have been implemented with fewer resources without reducing the quality and the quantity of the results?
  • Could more of the same results have been produced with the same resources?


The extent to which the project conforms to the needs and priorities of the target groups and Beer village communities:

  • Is the project consistent with the ways and living conditions of the target community?
  • Is the project well in tune with the developmental strategies of the country?
  • Does the project contribute to eliminating the main causes of the problems that lead to food insecurity in the project target villages?
  • Do the beneficiaries of the projects feel the training has been useful to them?
  • Do the impact/results of the projects respond to the needs of the beneficiaries?
  • Have the differences between women’s and men’s needs and opinions about their development been considered in the projects?
  • How have the changes in the social, political, and economic environment in Beer in Burcoa o district of Somaliland influenced the project’s relevance?

3.3.3 IMPACT

The totality of the effects of the project, positive and negative, intended or unintended:

  • What are the intended and unintended, positive and negative, effects of the project on the target group and the people in Beer?
  • What do beneficiaries and other stakeholders affected by the project perceive to be the project’s effects on themselves?
  • To what extent can identified changes be attributed to the project? What would not have occurred without the project?
  • What has been the impact of the development project on the life of beneficiaries? It May be described through the following indicators:
  • Community association’s common understanding of resilience is increased to 85% in 2021.
  • 85 % of agro-pastoralists adopting disaster risk reduction (dry land farming) approaches in 2021.
  • Two farm or village level natural resource management development plans or environmental plans developed and operational in 2021.
  • The number of people provided with sustainable water for crop irrigation purposes is increased to 480 in 2021.
  • The number of women and men smallholder farmers reached through actions strengthening food security, productivity, and climate resilience are increased to 400 in 2021.
  • Area of land covered and restored under sustainable forest management or other environmental and soil protection is increased to 60 hectares in 2021.
  • The percentage of farmers cultivating their own tested drought-resistant seed varieties is increased to 85% in 2021.
  • The percentage of farmers who are practicing seed banking technology is increased to 90% in 2021.
  • The number of people that benefit from seed bank(s) is increased to 700 farmers in 2021.
  • The production scale of vegetable and fruit crops yield per hectare per plant is increased to 30 000 kg in 2021.
  • The yearly value of sales from vegetables is increased to $ 25,000 in 2021.
  • The number of households getting direct income from vegetable and fruit farming sales is increased to 50 in 2021.
  • The number of supermarkets, hotels, groceries, and shops connected to the cooperative and buying vegetable and fruits from Beer is increased to 25 in 2021.
  • The productivity of sesame oil crop kg per hectare is increased to 700 kg/ha in 2021.
  • Tons of sesame oil crops sent to the market by the farmer cooperatives in the target villages are increased to 20 tons in 2021.
  • The yearly value of sales from the sesame value chain is increased to $ 18 000 in 2021.
  • The farmer’s recording capacity of own production is increased to 90% in 2021.


The continuation and longevity of benefits of the project after cessation of project funding

  • How sustainable are the impacts/ results of the projects?
  • Will the influence still be seen within the years to come?
  • What factors do affect the sustainability of the impact/results?
  • Is the technology used in the project appropriate to the community’s economic, educational, and cultural conditions?
  • What basis for ownership is created so far?
  • Is the project compatible with the sustainable use of natural resources?

4.0. Methodology of the evaluation 

The evaluation will use both qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques to source for appropriate information from the respondents. In the wake of COVID-19, the adopted approach will follow the do-no-harm principle by ensuring that the methodologies used do not result in increased risk for respondents or for the consultancy team. As the COVID-19 situation unfolds, the consultancy will be conducting through a series of discrete activities beginning with desk reviews before face-to-face interviews. Depending on the duration and severity of pandemic, the consultancy team will utilize appropriate means and tools to collect information.  

The evaluation should collect and analyze quantitative and qualitative data through the following methods:  

  • Desk study and review of all relevant project documentation including project documents, annual work-plans, quarterly and annual project reports, reports of the project steering committee
  • Key informant in-depth interviews (KII) to gather primary data from key stakeholders 
  • Focus group discussions (FGD) with project beneficiaries and other stakeholders.
  • Individual and/or group surveys 
  • Observations during field visit(s)

The stakeholders that should be consulted within this consultancy shall include but not be restricted to [adjust the list according to the needs]:  

  • [Ministry of Agriculture …]
  • Beer village development committees
  • […ministry of environment and rural development]
  • […regional administration of Togdheer region]

The evaluation is expected to start in [ 1 November ] for an estimated duration of (14) working days. This will include [adjust the list if needed] 

  • desk review and submission of inception report
  • field visit(s) and data collection 
  • data analysis and evaluation report writing
  • workshop to validate initial evaluation findings
  • submission of the final report

Based on the project documentation, the consultant shall submit an inception report to ADO management and ISF no later than [5 November ]. The inception report serves as an agreement between parties on how the evaluation will be conducted, covering the following items:  

  • Research methodology, including data collection tools (e.g. FGD and KII questions), suggested target groups and sample sizes and criteria, and ethical considerations
  • Proposal for a learning event to validation of evaluation findings. 
  • Schedule of the evaluation activities incl. travelling (timeline) 
  • Detailed budget 

The evaluator shall prepare the data collection tools before the field work and submit to ADO management and ISF for comments and feedback before the actual field work is undertaken.  

ADO will provide the required project documents and any other relevant project information. ADO will also provide transport to the project sites. Evaluator team must ensure active participation of different categories of people, including women, in the evaluation. 

Both qualitative and quantitative data will be analyzed and elaborated in the report. Data should be disaggregated by location and sex; that is, separately for children (girls and boys), men and women. 

The first draft of the evaluation report should be sent for comments to ADO management and ISF no later than [November 12, 2021]. The final evaluation report, which incorporates the ISF and ADO comments and suggestions done to the draft report, should be submitted to ADO and ISF no later than [November 15 ].  

The final report is expected to include title page, summary (description of program/project, purpose of the evaluation, methodology, summary of main findings, implications of findings and recommendations), introduction and background, methodology, findings, recommendations and annexes. 


The Final evaluation will last 14 days and is expected to start in November 1 of 2021. The final report on the evaluation will be delivered to ISF and ADO by December 2021.

Evaluation Activity                                                                             Days

Preparation of questions and methodologies                                     2 days

Fieldwork and Enumerator training                                                    4 days

Data analysis and presentation                                                         2 days

Finalization of the report                                                                    2 days

Travel days                                                                                        4 days

Total                                                                                                14 days

  1. Requested information:-

The applicant should include the following information:

A draft research plan (2 – 3 pages) including a short description of what methods will be used and the   duration of the facilitation will be ten days as specified in the TOR as well as the cost of the assignment: facilitation fee/day, other costs

  1. Criteria for approval:

ISF shortlist the candidates according to these main criteria:

  1. a) The consultant’s capability to conduct the facilitation,
  2. b) The Cost of the applicant.
  • University master’s or degree in agriculture, food security, and livelihoods or development studies
  • Minimum 8-10 years proven experience in research work or impact evaluations
  • Proven experience in evaluation works
  • The evaluator must understand Somaliland’s agriculture context, climate change, and drought effects on the livelihoods.

The consultant will be chosen in accordance with three main criteria: 

  1. the professional capacity of the consultant
  2. the quality and content of the tender
  3. the cost of the tender. 

Only the selected candidate will be notified of the results of the selection process.  

The tender must be submitted not later than October 20th 2021  at 2:30 pm  via e-mail to khalid@adosom.org

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