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Terms of Reference(ToR) – Project End-line Evaluation Talo Wadaag (Decision Sharing) – Somaliland

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Job Description

Terms of Reference(ToR) – Project End-line Evaluation Talo Wadaag (Decision Sharing)

Project title Talo Wadaag (Decision Sharing)
Donor The European Commission
Geographical coverage
Eastern regions of Sool and Sanaag, in Somaliland and Hargeisa for national level activities.
Project lifespan January 2018 – April 2020
Budget Available 5000-8000 USD
  1. Background, rationale and purpose of the evaluation:

Oxfam has worked in Somaliland/Somalia for more than 40 years and has extensive experience in the collaborative design and management of both emergency response, development and resilience-oriented programming.

Oxfam has implemented the Talo Wadaag Project for the last 28 months and is seeking a consultant to conduct the project end-line evaluation to measure overall and specific performance achievement of the project. The project is implemented by partners – NAGAAD and SONYO with technical support from Oxfam. Talo Wadaag project aims to increase the voice, participation and representation of women and youth in decision-making chains for a peaceful and prosperous Somaliland.

  1. Introduction of the project

Despite forming 70% of the electorate, the political participation of women and youth in Somaliland is very limited. Out of 164 seats in both chambers of parliament, only one is currently taken up by a woman. Out of 32 ministers only two are female. There is no female judge in Somaliland. Out of 379 local council seats, only 10 are taken up by women, and only 15% by what can be considered Somaliland youth. In more traditional ways of decision-making, through the clan structure and by elders, women and youth struggle to have influence. The root causes of this lie in the complex position women in Somaliland find themselves in as they are seen to have divided loyalty between the clans of their birth, and the clan they have married into. Youth are seen not to have enough experience and as a cause of frequent trouble.

Therefore, this action proposed to increase the voice, participation and representation of women and youth in decision-making chains for a peaceful and prosperous Somaliland. This consortium, composed of Somaliland women and youth umbrella organizations NAGAAD and SONYO, together with Oxfam. We build on strong experience. NAGAADhas successfully lobbied for the introduction of a female quota system in Somaliland governance and politics, advocating for an increased participation of women in formal decision-making structures, such as the national parliament and the local councils. SONYO played an active role in bringing down the age limit for electoral candidates from 35 to 25 years. Oxfam brings in years of experience in Somaliland, particularly working on gender and youth, which are enshrined in its Country Strategy that seeks to support building a peaceful and prosperous Somaliland.

  • Project overall and Specific Objectives

The overall objective is to increase the voice, participation and representation of women and youth in decision-making chains for a peaceful and prosperous Somaliland.

To contribute to this goal, the action has three specific objectives:

  1. To increase engagement of women and youth in formal institutional and community elder decision-making chains.
  2. To increase the use of women and youth’s economic power.
  3. To increase the inclusion of youth and women taking part in conflict and peace transformation processes.
  1. Specific objectives of the evaluation

The main objective of this evaluation assignment is to assess the overall achievement of the project and effectiveness/quality of project implementation as well as the overall impact of the project, with the aim of pulling out lessons learnt that could be adaptable to similar interventions addressing women and youth participation in decision-making chains of Somaliland.

  1. Key evaluation areas

Through the process of evaluating the project, the consultant will ascertain the achievements against overall objective of the project. The evaluator shall adopt and deliver findings as per the evaluation principles outlined below;

Principles for Using The Evaluation Criteria

The following principles are meant to guide the consultant and project implementing organizations during methodology design, data collection and analysis.

Principle One:

The criteria should be applied thoughtfully to support high quality, useful evaluation. They should be contextualized – understood in the context of the individual evaluation, the project being evaluated, and the stakeholders involved. The evaluation questions (what you are trying to find out) and what you intend to do with the answers, should inform how the criteria are specifically interpreted and analysed.

Principle Two

Use of the criteria depends on the purpose of the evaluation. The criteria should not be applied mechanically. Instead, they should be covered according to the needs of the relevant stakeholders and the context of the evaluation. More or less time and resources may be devoted to the evaluative analysis for each criterion depending on the evaluation purpose. Data availability, resource constraints, timing, and methodological considerations may also influence how (and whether) a criterion is covered.

Evaluation Criteria

The consultant will use the DAC evaluation criteria as framework analysis during data design, analysis and reporting.

  • Relevance – Is the project doing the right things?

The extent to which the project objectives and design respond to beneficiaries, global, country, and Oxfam/partner needs, policies, and priorities, and continue to do so if circumstances change.

  • Coherence: How well does the project fit?

This is thee compatibility of the project with other projects in a country, sector or institution. The extent to which other projects (particularly policies) support or undermine the project, and vice versa. Includes internal coherence and external coherence.

  • Impact – What difference does the project make?

The extent to which the project has generated or is expected to generate significant positive or negative, intended or unintended, higher-level effects.Impact addresses the ultimate significance and potentially transformative effects of the project. It seeks to identify social, environmental and economic effects of the project that are longer term or broader in scope than those already captured under the effectiveness criterion.

  • Effectiveness – Is the Project achieving its Objectives?

The extent to which the project achieved, or is expected to achieve, its objectives, and its results, including any differential results across groups.

  • Efficiency – How well are resources being used?

The extent to which the project delivers or is likely to deliver results in an economic and timely way.Economic is the conversion of inputs (funds, expertise, natural resources, time, etc.) into outputs, outcomes and impacts, in the most cost-effective way possible, as compared to feasible alternatives in the context. “Timely” delivery is within the intended timeframe, or a timeframe reasonably adjusted to the demands of the evolving context. This may include assessing operational efficiency (how well the intervention was managed).

  • Sustainability – How well are resources being used?

The extent to which the net benefits of the intervention continue or are likely to continue. It includes an examination of the financial, economic, social, environmental, and institutional capacities of the systems needed to sustain net benefit over time.

  1. Scope of the evaluation and approach and methods, establishing the basic methodological requirements

Oxfam welcomes consultants to submit Expressions of Interest that are in line with end-line evaluation overall and specific objectives. The Study should utilize participatory methods to collect both qualitative and quantitative data. For the qualitative, it would be mainly focus group discussions and key informative interview while for the quantitative survey will be conducted.It is expected that evaluation will use a mixed methods approach, combining qualitative and quantitative data and all data collected through the assessment must be disaggregated by sex and age.

The end-line evaluation exercise will be carried out in the geographical areas of Sanaag region (El-Afweyn, Erigavo, Gar-Adag, and Badhan districts), Sool region (Ainabo, Oog, Huddun and Las-Anod districts), and Hargeisa. The evaluation consultancy should be carried out based on a desk study (project documents, progress reports, and project monitoring and evaluation documents) and a field visit. For initial desk review, the consultant will be provided with relevant project documents and information about the project implementation and project areas.

Indicator Table

OCS Outcome/Results Indicator Baseline Mid-term Final term Target
Expected Results
R 1.1: Increased capacity and leadership skills of women and youth to take part in formal/institutional and traditional decision-making chains, particularly when deciding over conflicts (related to OC1 and OC3). # women and youth successfully completed leadership and political campaigning skills training

# women and youth that express increased confidence to participate in political decision making


























R1.2: Increased perception that women and youth can effectively take part in formal/institutional and traditional/community decision making chains, particularly when deciding over conflicts (related to OC1 and OC3). 50% of people in 3 districts (HargeisaSanaag and Sool) believe that women and youth can play a positive role in decision making chains































R1.3: More women and youth are participating as candidates in parliamentarian and local council elections (related to OC1 and OC3).

% of local government candidates are women.


% of local


candidates under

35yrs of age.























R 1.4: More women and youth can influence and have been consulted by elders and religious leaders when they make their decisions (related to OC1 and OC3). # Women and youth leaders express increased capacities to participate in decision making  









R 1.5: Women and youth associations have been strengthened to increase their voice towards decision making chains. (related to OC1 and OC3) # of female business

associations express increased capacities in the field of leadership, resource mobilization and rights and conflict resolution.












R 2.1: Strengthened women and youth business owner associations to increase their voice in decision making chains, particularly towards conflicts (related to OC2 and OC3). # people reached with messages on the importance of youth and women in the labour market.


0 61 500,000
R 2.2: Increased public understanding on importance of women and youth in the labour market (related to OC2 and OC3)  




% increase in female businesses registered in COC in districts where project operates





N/A Will get from

the end-line








Expected Result R 2.3: More female business enrolled in Somaliland chamber of commerce and more women part of the leadership of the chamber of commerce and more women are part of the leadership of the chamber of commerce.


To increase the inclusion of youth and women taking part in conflict resolution and peace transformation processes. # of conflict cases that have been resolved with active consultation of women/youth














Selection process and consultant profile

The Company or consultant engaged to undertake the assignment must fulfil the following requirements:

  • Minimum of a degree in Research of Social Science, or any related field
  • Minimum of 7 years of professional experience in conducting research and/or baseline/end-line assessments in women and youth participation in decision-making, human rights programming and development.
  • Proven experience in research methodologies, and other approaches (including quantitative, qualitative and participatory)
  • Good writing skills, including coherent and consistent documentation
  • Capacity to work with a multi-disciplinary team, including coordinating technical input into research work
  • Ability to work rapidly, both in person and remotely, with team members in various locations.
  • Schedule

The consultancy exercise is subject to completion within six weeks (45 days) starting from May to June 2020

The tentative schedule is as follows:

  • Week 1 and 2: Desk review of core documents, initial meetings with various relevant Oxfam development teams, drafting and conduction of validation for the inception report;
  • Week 3 and 4: Field visits to project sites; interviews with partners, beneficiaries and relevant stakeholders.
  • Week 5: Drafting of final report (to be submitted no later than15thJune 2020)
  • Week6: Validation workshop, finalization of comments feedback on the report, and submission of the final report.
  1. Evaluation deliverables
  • An inception report outlining the methodology and work plan for the evaluation to be submitted at first part of the second week, preferably 8thday of commencing the consultancy.
  • The final evaluation report addressing all the criteria and inputs from Oxfam, partners and donor with corresponding finalized annexes should be submitted. The final evaluation report will be structured as follows:
  1. Cover page clearly describing (evaluation and project title, date, country, appropriate Oxfam and institutional donor logo)
  2. Table of contents
  3. Glossary
  4. List of abbreviations
  5. Executive summary that can be used as a stand-alone document
  6. Introduction, stating objective of the evaluation
  7. The intervention and context
  8. Methodology, including an indication of any perceived limitations of the evaluation
  9. Presentation of the findings and their analysis
  10. Success stories
  11. Conclusions
  12. Learning and recommendations
  13. Appendices
  • Terms of reference
  • Evaluation program (main features of the data and activities carried out).
  • A list of interviewees (name, function and working environment) and places visited.
  • List of documents and bibliography used.
  • Details on composition of evaluation team
  • Link to Methodological appendices: (the evaluation proposal, questionnaires and interviews guides).
  • The length of the final evaluation report should be maximum 40 pages.

Interested candidates are requested to submit their expression of interest/proposal by 27th March 2020 with the subject Talo Wadaag Project End-Line Evaluationto Email: Consultancies@oxfam.org

The candidates should forward:

  • Technical proposal (max. 5 pages) with detailed budget plan including the costs for consultancy allowance.
  • Professional profile/CV of the consultant/firm
  • Detailed and clear workplan based on the above-mentioned time frame.
  • Previous evaluation done by the applicant and that is relevant
  • 3 professional referees from INGOs provided with evaluation consultancy service.

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