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TERMS OF REFERENCE(TOR) TO SUPPORT THE CLIMATE ADAPTIVE COMMUNITY BASED REINTEGRATION OF RETURNEES AND COMMUNITIES OF RETURN IN BURAO, SOMALILANDUNDER THE EU-IOM JOINT INITIATIVE FOR MIGRANT PROTECTION AND REINTEGRATION

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Job Description

TERMS OF REFERENCE(TOR)

TO SUPPORT THE CLIMATE ADAPTIVE COMMUNITY BASED REINTEGRATION OF RETURNEES AND COMMUNITIES OF RETURN IN BURAO, SOMALILAND UNDER THE EU-IOM JOINT INITIATIVE FOR MIGRANT PROTECTION AND REINTEGRATION

  1. ORGANIZATIONAL BACKGROUND

Established in 1951, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field ofmigration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmentalpartners. With 166-member states, a further 8 states holding observer status and offices inover 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for thebenefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments and migrants.

IOM has been operating in Hargeisa since 2008 and is providing a variety of services in support of local communities and authorities, such as- among others,capacity building support through diaspora engagement, medical health and protection and assistance to vulnerable migrants. A core activity of IOM Hargeisa’s work is Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) activities which provides vital assistance to hundreds of migrants every year. Building on experience and a world-wide network of offices and partners, IOM’s AVRR programs strive to ensure that migrants in need are assisted to return voluntarily, safely and in dignity, and are supported in achieving sustainable reintegration.

  1. PROJECT BACKGROUND

IOM is implementing theEU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration (EU-IOM Joint Initiative) funded by the European Union’s Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. The overall objective of the programme is to contribute to facilitating orderly, safe, regular and rights-based migration through the facilitation of dignified voluntary return and the implementation of development-focused and sustainable reintegration policies and processes.

A main pillar of the programme, which is implemented in 26 African countries is to provide sustainable reintegration by addressing migrant returnees’ economic, social and psychosocial needs, foster the inclusion of communities of return and strengthen systems for reintegration support. While some migrants reintegrate more easily within their communities of origin and/or return, others mightface challenges they cannot overcome on their own, and need support in their reintegration. At the same time, communities, regions and countries to which migrants return may – sometimes also as a result of a great number of simultaneous returns – not have the capacities to provide an environment conducive to successful reintegration due to a lack of local infrastructure and resources.[1]

Under theEU-IOM Joint Initiativeprogramme, community-based reintegrationassistance supports strengthening community networks and conditions for sustainable reintegration. It is implemented using a participatory approach involving returnees and their communities of returnto address wider needs and concerns. Community-based initiatives can increase support for reintegration among local actors. Community level interventions involve and benefit both returnees and non-migrants and when designed through a participatory approach aim to increase sense of empowerment, self-reliance and ownership over projects.This increases community action and reduces dependency by enabling community members to be actively involved in managing their own development, claiming their rights and exercising their responsibilities for self-reliance while returnees reach levels of economic self-sufficiency, social stability within their communities, and psychosocial well-being that allow them to cope with (re)migration drivers. Having achieved sustainable reintegration, returnees are able to make further migration decisions a matter of choice, rather than necessity.

In this regard, IOM in close coordination with the National Displacement and Refugee Agency and the Municipality of Burao, conducted community consultations in Burao, Togdheer, from 01/12 to 05/12 bringing together migrant returnees as well as representatives from various socioeconomic groups. This five-day consultation resulted in a community action plan with a set of priority activities identified by the community.

Two main priorities identified by the community related to increased capacities of livestock herders and farmers to implement climate adaptive agricultural practices as well as improved livestock management. Secondly, considering the challenges faced by the community with regards to soil degradation, the community requested increased support to implement soil conservation methodologies, including contour ploughing.

Therefore, IOM is intending to conduct an activity with the objective of improving the capacity of local livestock herders and farmers, as well, as contributing to the reduction of soil erosion and increase in arable land through the introduction of contour ploughing.

The main purpose of this activity is to foster social cohesion between migrant returnees and host communities as well as promote access to income generating activities for members of the community in Burao. The selected implementing partner is expected to meet the following objective and outcomes:

  • REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS

Through this Call for Proposals (CFP), IOM is inviting applications from implementingpartners that can undertake the task of designing and conducting a community based reintegration project in Burao focusing on two outputs: 1) increasing the capacity and know-how of farmers and herders on cultivation, crop production and livestock management; and 2) promotion of soil conservation and water harvestingtechniques, inter alia, through the introduction of contour ploughing, as well as facilitate the management and administration of in-kind support.

The proposal should include the following components:

Output 1: Capacity building for farmers and herders on cultivation, crop production and livestock management.

The project may include combinations of the below approaches:

  • Training on fertility improvement, moisture harvesting techniques, crop rotation, pest and disease management, planting techniques and market linkage improvement;
  • Training on improved crop practices and integrated pest management (cereals and horticultural crops);
  • Training to selected community on early warning and contingency planning;
  • Training to farmers on soil and water conservation activities;
  • Training on participatory range land management;
  • Training on livestock management;
  • Identify and facilitate experience sharing among beneficiaries and model farmers for demonstration of conservation agriculture/mulching, crop rotation, composting, crop residue management, and intercropping.
  • Training on basic business skills for farmers and herders;
  • IEC materials, as necessary;
  • Any other capacity-building activities that have a demonstrated effect onimproving resilienceand enhancing livelihoods of herders and farmers.

Output 2: Promotion of soil conservation and water harvesting through the introduction of contour ploughing

The project may include combinations of the below approaches:

  • Conduct an assessment to identify suitable locations for contour farming, or alternative climate adaptive soil conservation methods;
  • Provide a design (including demarcation and delineation) of the intervention based on a contextualised environmental assessment in accordance with well-established methods for climate adaptive soil conservation methodologies, including contour ploughing;
  • Provide in-kind support to beneficiariesto facilitate contour ploughing;
  • Train selected members of the community on suitable climate adaptive soil conservation measures, including contour ploughing practices through a training-of-trainers. Design a roll-out of the training by the trainers and monitor the roll-out as necessary.
  • Provide tools and in-kind support as necessary;

Output 3: Conduct a baseline data collection on migration dynamics among community members

  • In coordination with IOM Monitoring and Evaluation Officer and prior to the implementation of the project, conduct a baseline data assessment on community members’ perceptions of the rate of outward migration as well as the returnees’ re-migration.

Procurement of the in-kind support is expected to be undertaken by the applicant.

III.I. Target Areas

Burao municipality, and peri-urban areas in the greater district

III.II. Target Groups

Migrant returnees, internally displaced persons, members of communities of origin, including people with disabilities, women and youth. Including a socioeconomic composition which is designed to contribute to social cohesion in a positive way is an added advantage. Gender balance and inclusion of vulnerable socioeconomic groups will need to be considered.

III.III. Budget range

USD 30-50,000

  1. TIMEFRAME

The project should be completed within 12 months, no later than 28 February 2021. The proposal should include a detailed workplan showcasing how the implementing partner is expecting to meet the stated objectives within the timeframe provided.

  1. MANAGEMENT AND SUPERVISION

The consultant will be overseen by IOM office in Hargeisa. The consultant will receive direct guidance from theMigrant Protection Assistance and Migration, Environment and Climate ChangeProgramme Officers.

  1. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR APPLICANTS
  • Theapplicant should be based or operating in, and legally registered in Somaliland, and have established presence in Burao;
  • Theapplicantshould have a good understanding and working relationships with the relevant line ministries, local authorities, local communities and other relevant stakeholders in Burao;
  • Demonstrated experience in capacity building for community members on agricultural practices and livestock management, including soil conservation measures, water harvesting and land degradation;
  • Demonstrated experience in improving livelihood opportunities in the agricultural sector;
  • Sound donor reporting skills (abiding to strict data confidentiality agreements) and use of monitoring and evaluation tools;
  • The proposal should demonstrate inclusiveness and respect for diversity, and should take into consideration the engagement of vulnerable populations and have a gender sensitive approach;
  • The applicant should be able to demonstrate sufficient staff capacity and expertise to implement the project;
  • Subcontracting will not be preferred;
  • Experience working with an international non-governmental organization, or the United Nations would be an advantage.

[1]IOM, Towards an integrated approach to reintegration (2017).

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