TOR for LEAD RESEARCHER BASELINE SURVEY ON INCIDENTS AND CAUSES OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN CANDIDATES AND VOTERS IN SOMALILAND ELECTIONS
- Job category: Survey
- Post date:9 Feb 2020
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TOR for LEAD RESEARCHER
BASELINE SURVEY ON INCIDENTS AND CAUSES OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN CANDIDATES AND VOTERS IN SOMALILAND ELECTIONS
Somaliland has been labelled at a top rank of itsachievement of significant development in democratization and election processes as a post-conflict democratic nation. Somaliland has held a number of elections since then its first in 2000 for the national constitution referendum, followed by three presidential elections of 2003, 2010 and 2017, one House of Representatives election in 2005 and two district council elections in 2002 and 2012. As such, women were insignificantly inclusive in the decisions and electoral processes in terms of candidacy and political parties and elections decisions inclusivity, nevertheless, they are majority in terms of voters in times of elections.
With this situation, Somaliland women rights in terms of candidacy and as well as voters face number of challenges that violate their rights. These challenges result from social structures and as well as inadequacy of legal rights. In the country, candidates are selected by the clans or sub-clans rather than political parties or associations. This system is detrimental to women political representation. In fact, women political candidates belong to two clans – their father’s and husband’s clans – which means that they generally do not have any support. In times of elections, with their imbalance of their number of candidacy in the different national political parties and voter citizens, they additionally, face violence from the larger public.
Through these challenges faced by Somaliland women they also encounters matters that violate their rights as candidates and as voters. Even as such, Somaliland women play a very crucial role in peace building, conflict resolution and electoral processes. Women’s multiple clan affiliations give them a structural role as a peace builder, enabling them to become a channel for dialogue between conflictingparties and to exert pressure on them to keep talking and bringing about solutions. Women play a role in influencing politicians, elders and others to intervene in conflict and mobilizing resources to finance peace meetings and support demobilization. Additionally, political parties success in election, depends on how they utilize the inclusivity of women, women are the power for campaigns used by the political parties in times of elections and the majority who cast their votes in elections.
RESEARCH AS A PROGRAMMING TOOL FOR NAGAAD
Research is a major theme in NAGAAD Network’s strategic approach to programming. NAGAAD Network recognizes that researches on women’s rights and role decision making, conflict resolution, peace promotion and electoral processesin Somaliland can make important contributions to better programming on equal decision sharing, and gender equality.
NAGAAD believes that women’s participation in the decision making process can be a master key to realize a meaningful life, i.e. Access to all other rights including equal economic opportunities and inclusive decision making for all social groups.Throughout the democratization process in Somaliland, the question of women’s fair participation and women’s competition – equity questions in relation to the social, economic and legal factors have not been addressed.
The findings are used to advocate for better programming of non-violent environment for women candidates and voters in Somaliland in times of elections, by adopting gender responsive policies, legislations and systems that provide care of rights for women candidates and voters in a way women political rights are respected and to find out a space free from violation that they could compete and cast their votes by their will.
DESCRIPTION OF THE ASSIGNMENT
NAGAAD campaigns for human rights for all social groups, but very specifically focused on the rights of women which is due to the specific circumstances of women in a male dominated society. NAGAAD, along with the other CSO, advocates for incorporating these international conventions and instruments on human rights into the national legislation. In order to convince policy makers, NAGAAD employs solid arguments to raise public awareness with the purpose of attitudinal change to the fundamental rights of women in order to change discriminatory laws, e.g. customary rules against women, and documenting, investigating and monitoring of violence against women.
As such, the main overall purposeof this research is to study:“the incidents and causes of violence against women candidates and voters in Somaliland elections”.
- To examine the incidents, causes and level violation of women candidates and voters in times of Somaliland elections, that is, in the past, the presentand possible future. This includes document stories from past experiences for learning and sharing to address.
- To analyze and document the factors that facilitate or foster violation of women candidates and voters in Somaliland.
- To outline and suggest options for mitigating violence of women candidates and voters and enhancing the participation of women in exercising electoral rights, participation, processes and decision making at all levels in Somaliland.
SCOPE OF THE ASSIGNMENT:
The lead researcher will conduct the following activities:
- Will study the recent report released and identify gaps and areas need more improvement, and then present it to NAGAAD Network in order to develop common understanding of the scope of the assignment and the key issues to be addressed.
- Conduct desk study/literature review to look women’s role in conflict resolution and peace building, and then add it to the final report.
- Finalize study report, debrief NAGAADNetwork and deliver final synthesis report
On the basis of the scope of the assignment, at the end of the research, the lead researcher is expected to deliver a comprehensive and well analysed base line assessment report that clearly responds fully the research purpose and objectives and structured as per the below proposed structure.
PROPOSED STRUCTURE OF THE EXPECTED REPORT
The base line report is to be structured as per outlined below.
Cover Page (to include report title, logos of partners and NAGAAD at the top of the page)
- Executive summary and recommendations
- Table of Content
- Section 1 – Background of the Study
- Section 2 – History and geography setting of Somaliland (this will basically comprise of the literature review)
- Section 3 – Methodology of the study
- Section 4 – Analysis: Should include a section about the role of women in democratization, elections, peace building and conflict resolution
- Section 5 – Conclusion and Recommendations
- Annex 1 – Policy briefs and recommendations on women access to decision making.
- Annex 2 – Lists of organizations and/or officials interviewed
- Annex 3 – Profiles of study areas
- Annex 4 – Assessment Tools
- Annex 5 – References
N.B. The lead researcher may include additional chapters sections, sub sections and annexes as deemed necessary.
The contract is for 30 days, expected to start immediately for completion by February 20th. Early results will be presented and discussed with NAGAAD at March 10th.
QUALIFICATIONS AND EXPERIENCE:
- Substantive knowledge and experience about somaliland context, political, electoral and generally democratization processes.
- Proven ability to research and prepare reports of a similar nature.
- Excellent qualitative and quantitative research and analytical skills (observations, interviews, surveys, focus groups, and designing tools).
- Proven ability to summarize, write, present, and interpret multi-faceted researchabout women’s rights and issues.
- Fluent English writing skills are necessary.
- Knowledge and experience with somali culture, religion and women rights and political decision making participation
- Excellent communication skills with diverse levels of the society including women, minorities and youth.
Interested researcher is invited to apply by submitting documents to this email: nagaad.org firstname.lastname@example.org email subject of: “LEAD RESEARCHER FOR BASELINE SURVEY ON INCIDENTS AND CAUSES OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN CANDIDATES AND VOTERS IN SOMALILAND ELECTIONS”not later than February 17th.
- Cover letter describing how your experience and qualifications fit with the required deliverables
- Curriculum Vitae
- Technical proposal highlighting the approach and detailed research plan
- Copies of previous work: articles/reports
Will be agreed by the consultant and NAGAAD
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